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Works Cited



American Time Use Survey. (2017). Average Hours Per Day Spent in Selected Household Activities. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved from

Average hours per day spent in selected household activities


Bringing Nature Home

Tallamy, Doug. (2007). Bringing Nature Home. Portland: Timber Press.


How Stupid is Our Obsession With Lawns?

Dubner, S. J. (Host and Producer). (2017, May 31). How Stupid os Our Obsession With Lawns? [Audio Pocast]. Freakenomics Radio, WYNC Studios.


The Lawn. A History of an American Obsession

Jenkins, Virginia. (1994). The Lawn. A History of an American Obsession. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Books.


Darke, Rick and Tallamy, Doug. (2014). The Living Landscape. Portland: Timber Press.

The Living Landscape



Outdoor Water Use in the United States

Milesi, C., S.W. Running, C.D. Elvidge, J.B. Dietz, B.T. Tuttle, R.R. Nemani. (2005) Mapping and modeling the biogeochemical cycling of turf grasses in the United States. Environmental Management 36(3), 426-438.

Mapping and Modeling the Biogeochemical Cycling of Turf Grasses in the United States

WaterSense. (2017). "Outdoor Water Use in the United States." The United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved from


Planting in a Post-Wild World

Rainer, Thomas and West, Claudia. (2015). Planting in a Post-Wild World: Designing plant communities for resilient landscapes. Portland: Timber Press.


The Problem of Lawns

Polycarpou, Lakis. (2010, June 4). The Problem With Lawns. Columbia University, Earth Institute. Retrieved from


Turf Grass Revolution

Paul Robbins, Trevor Birkenholtz. (2003). "Turfgrass revolution: measuring the expansion of the American lawn", Land Use Policy, Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 181-194.


John. (2016). "U.S. Lawn Care Industry Statistics." Retrieved from

U.S. Lawn Care Industry Statistics

Plant Species Information Sources

Missouri Botanical Garden. (n.d.) PlantFinder. Retrieved from

Missouri Botanical Garden

Leopold, Donald J. (2005). Native Plants of the Northeast: A guide for gardening and conservation. Portland: Timber Press.

Native Plants of the Northeast

New Moon Nursery. (2019). Plant Search. Retrieved from

New Moon Nursery Plant Search

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